Google and FIDO Alliance on Monday announced that it is now easier for developers to provide passwordless authentication features for their Android websites and apps as a result of Android becoming FIDO2 Certified.
Security experts have long argued that relying only on passwords introduces significant risks and many even believe that passwords should be completely replaced with more secure authentication methods. The FIDO Alliance aims to address these problems by creating, promoting and certifying alternative authentication methods that are both highly secure and easy to use.
The FIDO2 Project comprises the W3C’s Web Authentication (WebAuthn) specification, which provides a standard web API that enables online services to use FIDO authentication, and the Client-to-Authenticator Protocol (CTAP), which enables devices such as FIDO security keys and smartphones to serve as authenticators via WebAuthn.
Now that Android has become FIDO2 Certified, it will be easier for developer to enable users to log into apps and websites using their Android device’s built-in fingerprint sensor and/or FIDO security keys.
The FIDO2 certification has been granted to devices running Android 7 and later. New devices will be certified out of the box, while existing devices will include FIDO2 support after an automated Google Play Services update. Since a Google Play Services update is used to roll out FIDO2 support, users will not have to wait on their device’s manufacturer to benefit from passwordless authentication capabilities.
The use of FIDO authentication, which can be implemented by developers via a simple API call, increases protection against phishing, man-in-the-middle (MitM) and other types of attacks.
“Google has long worked with the FIDO Alliance and W3C to standardize FIDO2 protocols, which give any application the ability to move beyond password authentication while offering protection against phishing attacks,” said Christiaan Brand, product manager at Google. “Today’s announcement of FIDO2 certification for Android helps move this initiative forward, giving our partners and developers a standardized way to access secure keystores across devices, both in market already as well as forthcoming models, in order to build convenient biometric controls for users.”
The FIDO Alliance provides information on what Android device manufacturers need to do in order to display the FIDO Certified logo on their products.